Tag: Neural Networks

AI Machine Learning & Data Science Research

DeepMind & Google Use Neural Networks to Solve Mixed Integer Programs

A team from DeepMind and Google Research leverages neural networks to automatically construct effective heuristics from a dataset for mixed integer programming (MIP) problems. The approach significantly outperforms classical MIP solver techniques.

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Facebook & UC Berkeley Substitute a Convolutional Stem to Dramatically Boost Vision Transformers’ Optimization Stability

A research team from Facebook AI and UC Berkeley finds a solution for vision transformers’ optimization instability problem by simply using a standard, lightweight convolutional stem for ViT models. The approach dramatically increases optimizer stability and improves peak performance without sacrificing computation efficiency.

AI Machine Learning & Data Science Research

Google Presents New Parallelization Paradigm GSPMD for common ML Computation Graphs: Constant Compilation time with Increasing Devices

A research team from Google proposes GSPMD, an automatic parallelism system for ML computation graphs that uses simple tensor sharding annotations to achieve different parallelism paradigms in a unified way, including data parallelism, within-layer model parallelism, spatial partitioning, weight-update sharding, optimizer-state sharding and pipeline parallelism.

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ETH Zurich Leverages Spiking Neural Networks To Build Ultra-Low-Power Neuromorphic Processors

A research team from ETH Zurich leverages existing spike-based learning circuits to propose a biologically plausible architecture that is highly successful in classifying distinct and complex spatio-temporal spike patterns. The work contributes to the design of ultra-low-power mixed-signal neuromorphic processing systems capable of distinguishing spatio-temporal patterns in spiking activity.